International Journal of Infection

Published by: Kowsar

The Effect of Cigarette and Hookah Smoke on Oral Bacterial Growth, Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguis: An In vitro Study

Farimah Sardari 1 , * , Leili Alibafghi 2 , Mohadese Shakerian 3 and Reza Bahramabadi 4
Authors Information
1 Oral Medicine Department, Dental School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
2 Dentist, Rafsanjan, Iran
3 Operative Dentistry Department, Dental School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
4 Immunology of Infectious Diseases Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
Article information
  • International Journal of Infection: July 2018, 5 (3); e70719
  • Published Online: July 14, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: May 13, 2018
  • Revised: June 30, 2018
  • Accepted: July 8, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/iji.70719

To Cite: Sardari F, Alibafghi L, Shakerian M, Bahramabadi R. The Effect of Cigarette and Hookah Smoke on Oral Bacterial Growth, Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguis: An In vitro Study, Int J Infect. 2018 ; 5(3):e70719. doi: 10.5812/iji.70719.

Abstract
Copyright © 2018, International Journal of Infection. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnotes
References
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