International Journal of Infection

Published by: Kowsar

The Effect of Cigarette and Hookah Smoke on Oral Bacterial Growth, Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguis: An In vitro Study

Farimah Sardari 1 , * , Leili Alibafghi 2 , Mohadese Shakerian 3 and Reza Bahramabadi 4
Authors Information
1 Oral Medicine Department, Dental School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
2 Dentist, Rafsanjan, Iran
3 Operative Dentistry Department, Dental School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
4 Immunology of Infectious Diseases Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
Article information
  • International Journal of Infection: July 2018, 5 (3); e70719
  • Published Online: July 14, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: May 13, 2018
  • Revised: June 30, 2018
  • Accepted: July 8, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/iji.70719

To Cite: Sardari F, Alibafghi L, Shakerian M, Bahramabadi R. The Effect of Cigarette and Hookah Smoke on Oral Bacterial Growth, Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguis: An In vitro Study, Int J Infect. 2018 ; 5(3):e70719. doi: 10.5812/iji.70719.

Copyright © 2018, International Journal of Infection. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
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