International Journal of Infection

Published by: Kowsar

The Effectiveness of Post-Exposure Prophylaxis in Infants Born to Hepatitis B Virus Positive Mothers in the Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Amira S. Khalil 1 , Warveen L. Abdulkareem 2 and Nawfal R. Hussein 2 , *
Authors Information
1 Gynecology Hospital, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Azadi Teaching Hospital, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Article information
  • International Journal of Infection: November 01, 2016, 5 (2); e42412
  • Published Online: November 13, 2016
  • Article Type: Letter
  • Received: September 19, 2016
  • Revised: October 5, 2016
  • Accepted: October 6, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/iji.42412

To Cite: S. Khalil A, L. Abdulkareem W, R. Hussein N. The Effectiveness of Post-Exposure Prophylaxis in Infants Born to Hepatitis B Virus Positive Mothers in the Kurdistan Region, Iraq, Int J Infect. 2016 ; 5(2):e42412. doi: 10.5812/iji.42412.

Copyright © 2016, Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1. Edmunds WJ, Medley GF, Nokes DJ, O'Callaghan CJ, Whittle HC, Hall AJ. Epidemiological patterns of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in highly endemic areas. Epidemiol Infect. 1996; 117(2): 313-25[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Hussein NR, Haj SM, Almizori LA, Taha A. The Prevalence of HBV and HCV among Blood Donors Attending Blood Bank in Duhok city, Kurdistan region, Iraq. Intl J Infect. 2016; [DOI]
  • 3. Chang MH, You SL, Chen CJ, Liu CJ, Lee CM, Lin SM, et al. Decreased incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in hepatitis B vaccinees: a 20-year follow-up study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2009; 101(19): 1348-55[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Gentile I, Borgia G. Vertical transmission of hepatitis B virus: challenges and solutions. Int J Womens Health. 2014; 6: 605-11[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Ahmadinejad Z, Abdi Liae Z, Salehizadeh S, Mansori S, Alijani N. Efficacy of Post-Exposure Prophylaxis in Infants Born to HBsAg Positive Mothers in Iran; Is It Authentic? Iran J Pediatr. 2016; 26(3): 5979[DOI]
  • 6. Protection against viral hepatitis. Recommendations of the Immunization Practices Advisory Committee (ACIP). MMWR Recomm Rep. 1990; 39: 1-26[PubMed]
  • 7. Hussein NR. Prevalence of HBV, HCV and HIV and Anti-HBs antibodies positivity in healthcare workers in departments of surgery in Duhok City, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Int J Pure Applied Sci Technol. 2015; 26(2): 70

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