International Journal of Infection

Published by: Kowsar

Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Children

Maryam Keshtkar Jahromi 1 and Batool Sharifi-Mood 2 , *
Authors Information
1 Division of Infectious Diseases, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, USA
2 Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, IR Iran
Article information
  • International Journal of Infection: September 01, 2014, 1 (3); e21116
  • Published Online: September 10, 2014
  • Article Type: Review Article
  • Received: June 11, 2014
  • Revised: June 24, 2014
  • Accepted: July 26, 2014
  • DOI: 10.17795/iji-21116

To Cite: Keshtkar Jahromi M, Sharifi-Mood B. Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Children, Int J Infect. 2014 ; 1(3):e21116. doi: 10.17795/iji-21116.

Abstract
Copyright © 2014, Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Context
2. Evidence Acquisition
3. Results
3. 2. Transmission
3. 3. Clinical Manifestations
3. 4. Diagnosis
3. 5.Treatment
3. 6. Prevention
3. 7. Prevention in Especial Situations
3. 7. 1. Mother has Current Disease but is Noncontagious at Delivery
3. 7. 2. Mother has Current Disease and is Contagious at Delivery
4. Conclusions
Footnote
References
  • 1. WHO . Global tuberculosis control 2011. Geneve: WHO. 2011;
  • 2. Starke JR. Pediatric tuberculosis: time for a new approach. Tuberculosis. 83(1): 208-12[DOI]
  • 3. Sandgren A, Hollo V, Quinten C, Manissero D. Childhood tuberculosis in the EuropeanUnion/European Economic Area, 2000 to 2009. Euro Surveill. 2011; 16(12)
  • 4. Perez-Velez CM, Marais BJ. Tuberculosis in Children. New England Journal of Medicine. 2012; 367(4): 348-61[PubMed]
  • 5. Nejat S, Buxbaum C, Eriksson M, Pergert M, Bennet R. Pediatric tuberculosis in Stockholm: a mirror to the world. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2012; 31(3): 224-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Endorf FW, Garrison MM, Klein MB, Richardson A, Rivara FP. Characteristics, Therapies, and Outcome of Children With Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 2012; 31(3): 221-223 10.1097/INF.0b013e3182456f02
  • 7. Marais BJ, Gupta A, Starke JR, El Sony A. Tuberculosis in women and children. The Lancet. 2010; 375(9731): 2057-9
  • 8. Lincoln EM. Tuberculosis in children. 1963;
  • 9. Newton SM, Brent AJ, Anderson S, Whittaker E, Kampmann B. Paediatric tuberculosis. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2008; 8(8): 498-510
  • 10. Lincoln EM, Sewell EM. Tuberculosis in children. 1963; : 1-315
  • 11. Graham SM, Ahmed T, Amanullah F, Browning R, Cardenas V, Casenghi M, et al. Evaluation of Tuberculosis Diagnostics in Children: 1. Proposed Clinical Case Definitions for Classification of Intrathoracic Tuberculosis Disease. Consensus From an Expert Panel. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2012; 205-208[DOI]
  • 12. Zar HJ, Connell TG, Nicol M. Diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in children: new advances. Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy. 2010; 8(3): 277-88
  • 13. Lambregts-van Weezenbeek CS, Cobelens FG, Mensen EA, Commissie voor Praktische T. [The tuberculin skin test in the Netherlands: new policies for an old test; guideline from the Netherlands Tuberculosis Control Policy Committee]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2003; 147(12): 543-6[PubMed]
  • 14. Carlos M, Esther C, José M, Addis L, Nelly H, Sandra P, et al. Preliminary Results Of A Comparative Yield Study Of Induced Sputum, String Test, And Gastric Aspirate For The Microbiological Diagnosis Of Pulmonary Tuberculosis In Children. A51. DIAGNOSIS OF LATENT AND ACTIVE TUBERCULOSIS.
  • 15. Phongsamart W, Kitai I, Gardam M, Wang J, Khan K. A Population-Based Study of Tuberculosis in Children and Adolescents in Ontario. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 2009; 28(5): 416-419 10.1097/INF.0b013e3181920d4d
  • 16. Comstock GW, Livesay VT, Woolpert SF. The prognosis of a positive tuberculin reaction in childhood and adolescence. Am J Epidemiol. 1974; 99(2): 131-8[PubMed]
  • 17. Almeida LMD, Barbieri MA, Da Paixão AC, Cuevas LE. Use of purified protein derivative to assess the risk of infection in children in close contact with adults with tuberculosis in a population with high Calmette-Guérin bacillus coverage. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 2001; 20(11): 1061-5
  • 18. Connell TG, Ritz N, Paxton GA, Buttery JP, Curtis N. A Three-Way Comparison of Tuberculin Skin Testing, QuantiFERON-TB Gold and T-SPOT.TB in Children. PLoS ONE . 2008; 3(7)
  • 19. Pai M, Riley LW, Colford JM. Interferon-? assays in the immunodiagnosis of tuberculosis: a systematic review. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2004; 4(12): 761-76
  • 20. Hill PC, Ota MO. Tuberculosis case-contact research in endemic tropical settings: design, conduct, and relevance to other infectious diseases. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2010; 10(10): 723-32
  • 21. Marais BJ, Ayles H, Graham SM, Godfrey-Faussett P. Screening and Preventive Therapy for Tuberculosis. Clinics in Chest Medicine. 2009; 30(4): 827-46
  • 22. Lawn SD, Bekker L, Middelkoop K, Myer L, Wood R. Impact of HIV Infection on the Epidemiology of Tuberculosis in a Peri-Urban Community in South Africa: The Need for Age-Specific Interventions. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2006; 42(7): 1040-7[DOI]
  • 23. Hesseling AC, Cotton MF, Jennings T, Whitelaw A, Johnson LF, Eley B, et al. High Incidence of Tuberculosis among HIV-Infected Infants: Evidence from a South African Population-Based Study Highlights the Need for Improved Tuberculosis Control Strategies. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2009; 48(1): 108-14[DOI]
  • 24. Rec WE . Revised BCG vaccination guideline for infants at risk of HIV infection 2007; : 193-6
  • 25. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep . Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections among HIV-exposed and HIV-infected children. 58 (1-166). 2009;
  • 26. Iranian guid- line for treatment of TBlast update . 2011;
  • 27. Mangtani P, Abubakar I, Ariti C, Beynon R, Pimpin L, Fine PE, et al. Protection by BCG Vaccine Against Tuberculosis: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2014; 58(4): 470-80[DOI]
  • 28. Volmink J, Garner P. Directly ob- served therapy for treating tuberculosis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007; 4
  • 29. Eisenhut M, Paranjothy S, Abubakar I, Bracebridge S, Lilley M, Mulla R, et al. BCG vaccination reduces risk of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis as detected by gamma interferon release assay. Vaccine. 2009; 27(44): 6116-20
  • 30. Bonifachich E, Chort M, Astigarraga A, Diaz N, Brunet B, Pezzotto SM, et al. Protective effect of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination in children with extra-pulmonary tuberculosis, but not the pulmonary disease: A case-control study in Rosario, Argentina. Vaccine. 2006; 24(15): 2894-9
  • 31. Madhi SA, Nachman S, Violari A, Kim S, Cotton MF, Bobat R, et al. Primary Isoniazid Prophylaxis against Tuberculosis in HIV-Exposed Children. New England Journal of Medicine. 2011; 365(1): 21-31[PubMed]
  • 32. Moss AR, Alland D, Telzak E, Hewlett DJ, Sharp V, Chiliade P, et al. A city-wide outbreak of a multiple-drug-resistant strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in New York. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1997; 1(2): 115-21[PubMed]
  • 33. Lobato MN, Mohle-Boetani JC, Royce SE. Missed Opportunities for Preventing Tuberculosis Among Children Younger Than Five Years of Age. Pediatrics. 2000; 106(6)
  • 34. Comstock GW. How much isoniazid is needed for prevention of tuberculosis among immunocompetent adults? Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1999; 3(10): 847-50[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments