International Journal of Infection

Published by: Kowsar

Rural-Urban Differences in Reasons for Incomplete Vaccination in Children Under Six Years, Southeast Iran 2013

Seyed Mehdi Tabatabaei 1 , * , Tahere Mokhtari 2 , Mohammad Salari 2 and Mehdi Mohammdi 3
Authors Information
1 Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Booali Hospital, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, IR Iran
2 Department of Primary Health Care Network Development, Sistan and Balouchistan Provincial Health Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, IR Iran
3 Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, IR Iran
Article information
  • International Journal of Infection: July 01, 2015, 2 (3); e28109
  • Published Online: July 20, 2015
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: February 21, 2015
  • Revised: April 14, 2015
  • Accepted: May 3, 2015
  • DOI: 10.17795/iji28109

To Cite: Tabatabaei S M, Mokhtari T, Salari M, Mohammdi M. Rural-Urban Differences in Reasons for Incomplete Vaccination in Children Under Six Years, Southeast Iran 2013, Int J Infect. 2015 ; 2(3):e28109. doi: 10.17795/iji28109.

Copyright © 2015, Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. World Health Organization . Immunization coverage. 2014;
  • 2. World Health Organization . Immunization highlights: 2012. 2014;
  • 3. Guerra FA. Delays in immunization have potentially serious health consequences. Paediatr Drugs. 2007; 9(3): 143-8[PubMed]
  • 4. Falagas ME, Zarkadoulia E. Factors associated with suboptimal compliance to vaccinations in children in developed countries: a systematic review. Curr Med Res Opin. 2008; 24(6): 1719-41[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Rainey JJ, Watkins M, Ryman TK, Sandhu P, Bo A, Banerjee K. Reasons related to non-vaccination and under-vaccination of children in low and middle income countries: findings from a systematic review of the published literature, 1999-2009. Vaccine. 2011; 29(46): 8215-21[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Quaiyum MA, Gazi R, Khan AI, Uddin J, Islam M, Ahmed F, et al. Programmatic aspects of dropouts in child vaccination in Bangladesh: findings from a prospective study. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2011; 23(2): 141-50[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Hajizdeh S, Rezaie Pour A, Geranmayeh M, Kazem Nezhad A. Assessment Status of Immunization for Children Under 2 Years Old in Shahriar, Iran. Journal of Research in Health Sciences. 2011; 4(1): 11-21
  • 8. Dabiran S, Moghadam A. Status of Coverage of Dtp3 Vaccine and Related Factors, in children 12-24 months old in Tehran. Payavard Salamat. 2011; 5(2): 26-32
  • 9. Mahvari K, Zare S, Khorrami F. Evaluation of immunization and growth monitoring services to infant and the maternal knowledge in the Population Research Center in Bandar Abbas in 2004. Hormozgan Medical Journal. 2004; 10(3): 223-30
  • 10. Kamran A, Shahverdi A, Behzadifar M, Pirzadeh A. Factors influencing delayed immunization of children under eighteen months of age in Khorramabad. Health System Research. 2011; 7(6)
  • 11. Asadi-Lari M, Sayyari AA, Akbari ME, Gray D. Public health improvement in Iran--lessons from the last 20 years. Public Health. 2004; 118(6): 395-402[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Rashidian A, Khosravi A, Khabiri Nemati R, Khodayari Moez E, Elahi E, Arab M. Health Observatory: First report I.R. Iran Multiple-Indicator Demographic and Health Survey 2010; 2012 Contract No.: Document Number. 2012;
  • 13. Lawshe CH. A Quantitative Approach to Content Validity. Personnel Psychology. 1975; 28(4): 563-75[DOI]
  • 14. Schoeps A, Ouedraogo N, Kagone M, Sie A, Muller O, Becher H. Socio-demographic determinants of timely adherence to BCG, Penta3, measles, and complete vaccination schedule in Burkina Faso. Vaccine. 2013; 32(1): 96-102[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Poorolajal J, Khazaei S, Kousehlou Z, Bathaei S, Zahiri A. Delayed Vaccination and Related Predictors among Infants. Iran J Public Health. 2012; 41(10): 65-71[PubMed]
  • 16. Fernandez RC, Awofeso N, Rammohan A. Determinants of apparent rural-urban differentials in measles vaccination uptake in Indonesia. Rural Remote Health. 2011; 11(3): 1702[PubMed]
  • 17. Balraj V, Mukundan S, Samuel R, John TJ. Factors affecting immunization coverage levels in a district of India. Int J Epidemiol. 1993; 22(6): 1146-53[PubMed]
  • 18. Rwashana AS, Williams DW, Neema S. System dynamics approach to immunization healthcare issues in developing countries: a case study of Uganda. Health Informatics J. 2009; 15(2): 95-107[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Aghajanian A, Mehryar AH, Ahmadnia S, Kazemipour S. Impact of the rural health development programme in the Islamic Republic of Iran on rural-urban disparities in health indicators. World Hosp Health Serv. 2008; 44(3): 10-5[PubMed]
  • 20. Sia D, Fournier P, Kobiane JF, Sondo BK. Rates of coverage and determinants of complete vaccination of children in rural areas of Burkina Faso (1998-2003). BMC Public Health. 2009; 9: 416[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Salmon DA, Smith PJ, Pan WK, Navar AM, Omer SB, Halsey NA. Disparities in preschool immunization coverage associated with maternal age. Hum Vaccin. 2009; 5(8): 557-61[PubMed]
  • 22. Rahman M, Obaida-Nasrin S. Factors affecting acceptance of complete immunization coverage of children under five years in rural Bangladesh. Salud Publica Mex. 2010; 52(2): 134-40[PubMed]
  • 23. Shaikh S, Taj TM, Kazi A, Ahmed J, Fatmi Z. Coverage and predictors of vaccination among children of 1-4 years of age in a rural sub-district of Sindh. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2010; 20(12): 806-10
  • 24. Luman ET, McCauley MM, Shefer A, Chu SY. Maternal characteristics associated with vaccination of young children. Pediatrics. 2003; 111(5 Pt 2): 1215-8[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments